Several interventions in churches-owned compounds in the city center
The construction of Jerusalem involved many factors, more than any other city in the world. Its status as a center for three major religions, each divided into a large number of communities and groups, is expressed in the urban space by the variety of types and styles of buildings that characterize the different populations. Jerusalem serves as a home for a very wide range of cultures and classes, and the challenge is to deal with the question - How can all the residents of the city feel at home while preserving their identity?
Today, about 4,584 dunams of the built-up area of Jerusalem is owned by Christian churches, of which 522 dunams are pledged to lease agreements and the rest are used by the churches. The largest concentration of land owned by churches and Christian religious institutions is located in the central parts of Jerusalem, around the Old City and the old neighborhoods of Rehavia, Talbieh, Baka and the German Colony. The current state is a form of stagnation in which areas and buildings located in the heart of Jerusalem are not exploited and create 'holes' in the urban fabric. In the current situation, the religious institutions do not realize the full potential of their property, and the residents of the city do not benefit from these properties.
The project offers a solution for dealing with the anomaly created in Jerusalem by planning to utilize the involvement of the churches in the area in a manner that will prevent fragmentation in the city, will enable continuity between neighborhoods and will also address the spiritual and social needs of the new mix of residents in the city. This project is an attempt to deal with the phenomenon of abandoned lots / buildings owned by churches by specific treatment and planning.
The project also deals with concept of property and the affect of different interests on the way an owner uses his property. The right to own property is the right of a person to use the property or to prevent other persons from using, or harming, a physical or spiritual asset. There are three main rights: first, the right to use the property and the right to enjoy its fruits (profits, income, and benefits); Second, the right to prevent others from entering the property, its use without permission or to influence the exercise of the rights; Third, the right to transfer, without interference, the control of the basket of rights to others through inheritance, sale, gift, loan / investment.
In conclusion, in the present situation geopolitical considerations are dominant, but I am proposing an example of the possibility of combining the financial interests of the Church with municipal interests so that all the parties will be able to realize the full potential of the assets I have focused on.